Difference Between Low Fodmap and High Fodmap

Have you ever heard of Low FODMAP and High FODMAP diets? Are you wondering about the differences between the two? If so, this article is for you! We’ll discuss what each diet consists of and how they differ. We’ll also look at the potential health benefits of following a Low FODMAP diet as well as any risks associated with it. Finally, we’ll provide some tips to help make the transition to a Low FODMAP diet easier.

The Low Fodmap diet is a specific type of eating plan that is designed to help reduce symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and other digestive disorders. It is based on the concept that certain carbohydrates, called Fodmaps, can be difficult for some people to digest, leading to bloating, gas and other symptoms. The Low Fodmap diet eliminates high Fodmap foods from the diet and replaces them with low Fodmap options. High Fodmap foods are those that contain high concentrations of Fodmaps, including certain types of fruits and vegetables, dairy products, grains, legumes and processed foods.

Low Fodmap Foods

Certain fruits and vegetables are low FODMAP and can be safely consumed. These include apples, blueberries, carrots, cucumbers, eggplants, grapes, kale, lettuce, potatoes, pumpkins, spinach and zucchini. Dairy products such as lactose-free milk and hard cheeses are also low FODMAP. Many grains such as quinoa, buckwheat and polenta are also low FODMAP. Legumes such as lentils and chickpeas can be consumed in small amounts. Lean proteins like chicken, turkey and fish are all low FODMAP friendly.

High Fodmap Foods

Foods that are high in FODMAPs include certain fruits such as apricots, dates, figs and mangoes. Vegetables like artichokes, asparagus, garlic and onions should be avoided. Grains such as wheat-based products (breads/pastas), barley and rye should also be avoided. Dairy products such as milk/yogurt made from cow’s milk should not be consumed. Legumes like kidney beans or chickpeas should not be eaten in large amounts either. Some processed meats contain high FODMAP ingredients that should be avoided.

Digestive Symptoms of Low Fodmap

Digestive symptoms of low FODMAP diets vary from person to person, but most people experience improved digestion, reduced bloating, and improved regularity. For some, these digestive improvements may be more pronounced than others. Those who have been diagnosed with IBS or other digestive conditions may find that they experience fewer digestive issues while on a low FODMAP diet. In addition to the general improvement in digestion, many people also report improved energy levels when they reduce their intake of high-FODMAP foods. This is likely due to the reduction in inflammation in the gut as well as improved absorption of nutrients.

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Digestive Symptoms of High Fodmap

On the other hand, digestive symptoms associated with high-FODMAP diets are generally negative. These can include bloating, gas, abdominal pain and cramping, diarrhea or constipation, and indigestion. Additionally, some people may find that their symptoms worsen when consuming certain high-FODMAP foods or combinations of high-FODMAP foods. This is often due to an intolerance or sensitivity to one or more specific FODMAPs. If you suspect that you have a sensitivity to any particular food group or individual ingredients it is best to consult a nutritionist for guidance and support before attempting a high-FODMAP diet.

Advantages of a Low Fodmap Diet

A low FODMAP diet is a type of eating plan that can be beneficial for people who suffer from digestive issues like bloating, gas, abdominal pain and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). It involves avoiding certain carbohydrates known as FODMAPs, which are found in a variety of foods. The advantages of following a low FODMAP diet include improved digestion, reduced symptoms of IBS and improved overall health.

One of the main benefits of following a low FODMAP diet is improved digestion. By avoiding certain carbohydrates, the digestive system has an easier time breaking down food and absorbing nutrients. This can lead to less bloating, gas and abdominal pain. Additionally, by avoiding triggers such as dairy and gluten, people may find that their overall digestion is improved.

Another advantage of a low FODMAP diet is that it may help reduce symptoms associated with IBS such as abdominal pain, bloating and diarrhea. This is because many of the foods on the restricted list are known triggers for IBS symptoms. By avoiding these trigger foods, people can find relief from their symptoms and enjoy better quality of life.

Finally, following a low FODMAP diet can also be beneficial for overall health as it encourages the consumption of nutrient-dense foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts and seeds. Additionally, by avoiding certain processed foods which are high in sugar or saturated fat, people may find that they have more energy and feel better overall.

Advantages of a Low Fodmap Diet

The advantages of a Low Fodmap diet are that it can help reduce the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) such as abdominal pain, bloating, and gas. Studies have shown that following a Low Fodmap diet can improve IBS symptoms in up to 75% of people. It is also beneficial for people with other digestive issues such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Following this type of diet can also help to reduce inflammation in the gut, which can lead to better overall health. Additionally, it may help to reduce food cravings, which can lead to weight loss.

Disadvantages of a Low Fodmap Diet

The main disadvantage of a Low Fodmap diet is that it can be difficult to follow due to its restrictive nature. Many healthy foods are excluded from this type of diet including certain fruits, vegetables, grains, and dairy products. Additionally, it requires careful planning and monitoring in order to ensure that all necessary nutrients are being consumed. It may also take some time for the body to adjust to the new dietary restrictions and some people may experience temporary gastrointestinal discomfort while transitioning into the new diet regime.

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Who Should Follow a Low Fodmap Diet?

A low Fodmap diet is recommended for people who have difficulty digesting certain carbohydrates, including those found in high-Fodmap foods. People with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and other digestive disorders may benefit from following a low Fodmap diet. People with fructose malabsorption, lactose intolerance, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and certain food allergies may also benefit from this type of dietary approach.

The low Fodmap diet is designed to reduce the amount of fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) in the diet. By limiting these types of carbohydrates, it can reduce symptoms associated with IBS and other digestive issues. It is important to note that the low Fodmap diet should only be followed under the guidance of a healthcare professional or registered dietitian.

When following a low Fodmap diet, it is important to eat a variety of foods that are low in FODMAPs but still provide essential nutrients. This includes fruits and vegetables that are low in FODMAPs such as lettuce, carrots and blueberries; proteins such as lean meats, fish and eggs; grains such as quinoa, oats and rice; legumes such as lentils and chickpeas; dairy alternatives such as almond milk; nuts and seeds; spices and herbs; oils such as olive oil; and more.

It is also important to avoid high-FODMAP foods while following this dietary approach. These include dairy products such as milk, cheese and yogurt; wheat-based products such as breads, pastas and cereals; certain fruits and vegetables including garlic, onions and apples; beans such as black beans or kidney beans; sweeteners including honey or agave nectar; certain nuts like cashews or pistachios; processed meats like hot dogs or sausages; artificial sweeteners like sorbitol or xylitol; alcoholic beverages like beer or wine, among others.

The low Fodmap diet can be beneficial for those who suffer from IBS or other digestive disorders. However, it should only be followed under the guidance of a healthcare professional or registered dietitian to ensure proper nutrition while minimizing symptoms associated with IBS.

Foods to Avoid on a Low Fodmap Diet

People who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) may find relief from their symptoms by following a low FODMAP diet. FODMAPs are carbohydrates that are difficult to digest and can cause digestive distress. Avoiding foods high in FODMAPs is an important part of the low FODMAP diet. Here are some of the common foods to avoid on a low FODMAP diet:

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Fruits: Apples, apricots, pears, cherries, mangoes, nectarines, peaches, plums, watermelon and other fruits that contain high fructose levels such as dried fruits or juices.

Vegetables: Artichokes, asparagus, cauliflower, mushrooms, garlic and onions.

Grains: Barley, wheat and rye.

Dairy Products: Milk and milk products such as cheese and yogurt.

Legumes: Beans and lentils.

Sweeteners: Honey and high fructose corn syrup.

Processed Foods: Processed meats such as sausage or bacon; processed snacks such as chips or crackers; canned soups; packaged sauces; canned vegetables; and pre-made meals.

Alcoholic Beverages: Beer and wine.

It is important to note that this is not an exhaustive list of foods to avoid on a low FODMAP diet. Other foods may also be problematic for those with IBS so it is best to consult with your doctor or nutritionist before making any changes to your diet.

Long-Term Effects of Eating Low or High FODMAPs

Eating a low FODMAPs diet or a high FODMAPs diet can have long-term health effects. Low FODMAPs diets can help reduce symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and other digestive disorders. Research has shown that following a low FODMAPs diet can also help improve overall gut health, reduce inflammation, and improve nutrient absorption.

High FODMAPs diets, on the other hand, may lead to an increased risk of nutrient deficiencies and gastrointestinal symptoms. A high FODMAPs diet can cause bloating, gas, abdominal pain, and diarrhea in those with IBS or other digestive disorders. It is important to note that some high FODMAPs foods are healthy and nutritious, but they should be consumed in moderation.

Long-term studies are needed to determine the full effects of both low and high FODMAPs diets. However, research suggests that following a low FODMAPs diet may provide long-term relief from IBS symptoms as well as improved overall gut health. Additionally, eating a balanced diet that includes some high FODMAPs foods may help ensure adequate nutrient intake while still managing IBS symptoms.


Low FODMAP and High FODMAP diets are two diets that differ in the types of carbohydrates they allow to be consumed. The Low FODMAP diet is mainly used for people with digestive disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome, whereas the High FODMAP diet is suitable for any person who is looking to increase their dietary fiber intake. Both diets have their own advantages and disadvantages and should be tailored to the individual’s needs.

The Low FODMAP diet restricts certain carbohydrates, which can help reduce symptoms associated with digestive disorders. However, it also places restrictions on a wide variety of foods which can make it difficult to maintain over time. On the other hand, the High FODMAP diet allows for greater flexibility in food choices, but may not be suitable if a person has digestive issues due to their high fiber content.

Overall, both Low FODMAP and High FODMAP diets can be beneficial depending on an individual’s needs and goals. It is important to consult with a health professional before beginning either of these diets to ensure that they are safe and appropriate for you.

By understanding the differences between these two popular dietary approaches, individuals can make informed decisions about which one may best meet their particular needs.